Sigmund Freud, who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis, is known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the mechanics of repression. One of Sigmund's grandsons, Lucian Freud (1922-2011), was a well-known British painter and a founder of the group of artists known as the School of London. Lucian, whose portrait and figure paintings were known for their psychological penetration, was considered to be the pre-eminent British artist of his time. Although rumor has it that Lucian fathered 40 children, that number is widely considered an exaggeration. Fourteen children have actually been identified as Lucian's, including two from his first marriage, and 12 from mistresses. His daughter Susie Boyt is a British novelist who has published four titles, including 2008's My Judy Garland Life. His sons Paul Freud and Frank Paul are artists. Another of Lucian's daughters, Jane McAdam Freud, is an internationally acclaimed artist whose works appear in several museums. In 2006, Jane released a short film entitled Dead or Alive, which merges images of her great-grandfather Sigmund's sculptures with ones she created. Yet another of Lucian's daughters is fashion designer-to-the-stars Bella Freud and her sister Esther Freud is an actress and writer. She appeared in a 1984 episode of TV series The Bill, and a 1985 episode of Dr. Who. One of her works, the semi-autobiographicalHideous Kinky (1992) was made into a 1998 film of the same name, which starred Kate Winslet.
Another of Sigmund's grandsons (and Lucian's brother), Clement Freud (1924-2009), was a well-known jack-of-all-trades. Clement was a British columnist, gourmet chef, restaurateur, World War II officer, children's book author (1968's Grimble), Member of Parliament, journalist, and a radio show panelist on "Just a Minute." Clement's wife, June Flewett, was a stage actress and theatre director. It is rumored that she was the inspiration behind C.S. Lewis's Chronicles of Narnia character "Lucie Pevensie," because she stayed at the author's home when she was evacuated from her home during World War II. Clement and June's daughter, Emma Freud, is a British broadcaster and cultural commentator. Their son, Matthew Freud, is the head of Freud Communications, a UK-based international public relations firm. Matthew's wife, Elisabeth Murdoch, is a British TV executive and the daughter of communications magnate Rupert Murdoch.